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Five common pie crust fails … and what to do about them

If you haven’t yet mastered the art of making pie crust, you are not alone. We get questions and comments from people who love to bake, but are anxious about making their own pie crust. It is typically made from only four ingredients, so why all the fuss? Well, making pie crust is truly is a combination of art and science. It’s just as much about the technique of putting the ingredients together as it is about the ingredients. Once you get a feel for how it comes together, it’s really simple…and gratifying.

Plenty of recipes and support material describe how to make pie crust, so I thought I would take a different angle and talk about what typically goes wrong. My hope is to steer you in the right direction so you will enjoy success. Get ready to roll up your sleeves: The only sure way to get really good at baking pie crusts is to make a lot of pies. Believe me, your friends and family won’t mind.

Common problem #1: The dough is too crumbly to roll out!

After you cut the butter into the crust, the directions usually say something like this: Stir in enough cold water tossing with fork just until flour is moistened. There is a lot of good information hidden in those few words. There are two very important things to point out – “cold” water and “just until flour is moistened.” It’s important to use cold water to keep the butter cold. The butter should stay firm so it doesn’t soften and combine with the flour. Wondering why can’t you use a spoon? The trick here is to hydrate the flour with just enough water to get the dough to stick together. Tossing with a fork is a gentle way to incorporate the water without mashing it all together. You should be able to still see some of the chunks of butter. Each time you add water, use your hands to squeeze a chunk together. If it doesn’t hold together, you need to add a bit more water. If it sticks together easily, it is moist enough and you are ready to roll.  

Common problem #2: The crust tears when I transfer it to the pie plate.

There are a few different techniques for transferring your delicate, perfectly rolled out pie crust to the pie pan without having it collapse back into a ball. Once again, keeping the dough cold is important. If the butter softens, the dough will be sticky and difficult to manage. Using a pastry cloth or a cutting board allows you the ability to place it into the refrigerator for a few minutes after rolling. Before you begin the transfer, dust a little flour lightly on the top of the crust. My favorite method is to fold the crust into quarters. Gently wedge a large spatula under one side of the crust and fold it in half. Then fold it in half again. Now your crust is one fourth the size and fits nicely on a spatula to transport to the pie pan and gently unfold. Another way is to roll the crust around a lightly floured rolling pin.

Common problem #3: My crust shrinks when I bake it!

If you haven’t detected a theme yet, let me point it out: it’s important to keep the dough chilled! Just before you bake the pie, refrigerate or freeze it for a few minutes to make sure the crust is well chilled. If you are baking the crust without filling (this is called baking it blind) a few things can help. Cover your crust with parchment paper and then fill with pie weights. If you have never heard of pie weights, or don’t have them, you can use dried beans or rice. The important part here is to fill it completely to the top of the crust so the sides don’t slump. If you don’t want to use pie weights, it will help to prick the crust with a fork several times on sides. This allows hot air to escape from under the crust and not puff it up.

Common problem #4: The edges of my crust are burnt!

OK, chilling the dough will not help here, but it is related to the temperature. To fully bake a fruit pie, it usually takes about 40 to 50 minutes. That’s a long time for a crust edge to be in the oven, especially when it is nicely fluted and standing on the edge of the pan. A few approaches will work here. Before baking, I usually cover the edge of the crust with strips of aluminum foil. A little trick is to use about an 18-inch piece of aluminum foil and fold it into quarters. With a scissors, cut a circle out of the center of the foil. Unfold and crimp it around the edge of the crust. This deflects the heat from the edge, but still allows top crust to get a nice golden brown. Another trick is to use a pie crust shield you can find at most kitchen retail stores. They are relatively cheap and do a pretty good job of protecting the edge.

Common problem #5: The crust is tough and not flaky.

Tough and flaky are two different things. Tough refers to the texture of the crust and flaky refers to the air pockets that form flaky layers in the crust. In both cases, the secret is to avoid overworking the dough. Here’s some background that might help. Gluten is a protein structure in wheat flours that is responsible for the elastic nature of bread dough – it’s the reason the dough springs back when you pull it. You knead bread dough to develop and stretch the gluten. In pie crust, you don’t want gluten to form so you don’t want to mix too much and overwork the dough. For tender pastry, cut the butter into the flour to the consistency of coarse meal. For a flaky crust, cut the butter so that chunks of butter about the size of peas remain. The little chunks of cold butter create the layers in the dough so that when the butter melts in the oven, it will make steam pockets. Your crust will end up with a wonderfully flaky texture.

Armed with these solutions, you’re well on your way to baking a showstopper pie. Speaking of showstoppers, it's fairy easy to add some pretty touches to your pie by creating Decorative Pie Crust Edges. Give them a try, and remember to have fun in the process – it’s all about practice!




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• Comments •

After cooking my apple pie,the next day I find that the crust has turned soft,not flaky and firm as when I cooked it.This happens sometimes.Is it to much shortening? I put milk or eggwash on it before I bake it,to give it a nice color,egg works better, could I be making it to moist?jami

Posted Nov 24 2015 by debbie martin
Test Kitchen Comment


Hi Jami - more than likely, the apple filling is causing your crust to become softer. The moisture can leak into the crust and cause it to become soggy. Hope this helps!
Posted December 01, 2015

Ty for all these tips, very helpful. Now if I could only get and master the simplest recipe for pie crust I would be a happy pie baker. ;)

Posted Nov 20 2015 by Eliselda

thank you!! My biggest problem has been the crust shrinking. And then it doesn't taste or look very good. Thanks so much for the very helpful tips.

Posted Nov 13 2015 by Katey

When baking two crust (apple) pies, sometimes the top crust raises leaving a gap between the crust and the filling. It is as if there was a bubble under the top crust. What causes this? Otherwise no problem. I usually bake the pie for 15 min at 450, then reduce to 350 for another 35 or so. Thank you. P.S. I make my own pie crust.

Posted Dec 29 2014 by shirley`
Test Kitchen Comment


Here is the reason why the pie crust stays aloft and as you describe like a bubble is under the crust. When the top crust stays a loft it is usually because the dough was rolled out too thick or stretched too tightly over the filling. To correct these problems, roll your pastry to 1/8 inch thick and drape it over the mounded fruit. Before sealing the edge, put your hands on either side of the crust and push the dough gently toward the center. Give the pie a quarter turn and ease the dough toward the center again.
Posted January 05, 2015

What causes the crust of my cream pies to become soggy? This sometimes happen even before the pie cools.

Posted Mar 14 2014 by Judy
Test Kitchen Comment


Hi Judy, There are a few tips I can give you to help avoid soggy pie crusts. First of all, you need to make sure you bake the pie long enough at a high temperature, usually around 425F. A glass or dull aluminum pan helps cook the bottom crust better than a shiny metal pan. Also, make sure the filling is thickened before placing it into the unbaked pie shell. Cracks or holes in the pastry can also cause the filling to seep into or under the crust. Lastly, make sure you are baking the pie on the oven shelf nearest the bottom of the oven. Hopefully these tips will help make you successful in your pie baking!
Posted May 02, 2014

I learned this technique from some cooking show so I can't take credit, and it is so excellent that I tell everyone about it! Roll out your dough on a piece of canvas or heavy cloth that has been impregnated with flour. The dough will slide over the surface, not sticking but picking up very little of the flour to make the dough tough. You also cover your rolling pin with a tube of fine knit stretchy fabric like the top of a knee high sock. Impregnate it with flour as well, working it into the "pores" of the fabric. Start rolling out in small soft strokes from the center, rotating a quarter turn every couple of strokes. The crust just slides out in a nice concentric circle with few cracks around the edge. Fix any such cracks before they get too large. The dough will still be soft and a patch will stick with the slightest bit of water to stick it together. Roll to about 1/8 inch and it will still be easy to manage, enough that you can curl one edge up over the rolling pin then use it to lift the whole crust and settle it gently
Into the pan. Enjoy your tender, easy crust! Now the only problem is washing the flour out of the fabrics!

Posted Dec 15 2013 by Melody
Test Kitchen Comment


Thanks for your comments. This works well for cookies as well as pie crust.
Posted December 17, 2013

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    Hi, I'm Becky. I'm eager to share my best ideas and favorite recipes from my 20+ years in the Land O'Lakes Test Kitchen. I'm also excited to help with any questions you have about cooking and baking with Land O Lakes® products. Some of the questions and answers will be published in our newsletter, The Measuring Cup®. Please use the short form below to ask your questions, or share your tip or memory.

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